Gracell Biotechnologies Reports Long-term Follow-up Data on TruUCAR-enabled GC027 in Relapsed/Refractory T-ALL at the AACR 2021 Annual Meeting
Gracell Biotechnologies Inc., a global clinical-stage biopharmaceutical company dedicated to developing highly efficacious and affordable cell therapies for the treatment of cancer, presented updated long-term follow-up data on their TruUCAR-enabled allogeneic product candidate GC027 for the treatment of adult patients with relapsed/refractory T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (r/r T-ALL) in an e-poster presentation at the 2021 American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) Annual Meeting on April 10.
TruUCAR-enabled GC027 is a first-in-human, off-the-shelf allogeneic CAR-T stand-alone therapy targeting CD7. An ongoing, multi-center investigator-initiated Phase 1 trial in China is evaluating the safety and efficacy of GC027 for the treatment of adults with r/r T-ALL. We first reported results as oral presentation at the AACR 2020 Annual Meeting.
The updated data with a February 4, 2021 data cut-off represents long-term follow-up as well as additional patients treated. Patients had received a median of six prior lines of therapy and received a single infusion of TruUCAR GC027 in one of three dose levels: 0.6×107cells/kg, 1.0×107cells/kg or 1.5×107cells/kg.
Six patients (100%) treated achieved a complete remission with or without complete blood count recovery (CR/CRi) and five of the six patients (83%) achieved minimum residual disease negative complete remission (MRD- CR). At 6 months post treatment, three out of five patients (60%) had maintained MRD- CR.
After 18.5 months of follow up for the initial patients treated, one patient continued to be MRD- CR at 16.8 months. One patient maintained MRD- CR until 9 months and one patient with primary refractory disease (no response to VDP) maintained his MRD- CR status until month 7. One additional patient treated presented initially with a high tumor burden and extensive extramedullary (EM) disease. After treatment with GC027 and as confirmed by PET CT scan, all EM lesions resolved. The patient achieved MRD- CR at day 28.
All six patients tolerated a single infusion of TruUCAR GC027. No neurotoxicity events (ICANS) or acute graft-versus-host disease (aGvHD) were observed. Cytokine release syndrome (CRS) occurred in all patients and was managed with standard of care including Tocilizumab. Overall safety findings were consistent with previous observations.
Dr. Martina Sersch, M.D., Chief Medical Officer of Gracell
“These data show promising long-term follow-up results in r/r T-ALL patients who have very limited treatment options available,” commented Dr. Martina Sersch, M.D., Chief Medical Officer of Gracell.
“With these findings, GC027 may have the potential to be developed as a single-infusion stand-alone allogeneic CAR-T therapy. We are looking forward to expediting the clinical development of our TruUCAR-enabled GC027 globally, as well as expanding into additional indications beyond T-ALL.”
TruUCAR-enabled GC027 is a first-in-human, off-the-shelf allogeneic CAR-T therapy targeting CD7, currently being developed for the treatment of T-ALL in adults. GC027 is manufactured from T cells of human leukocyte antigen (HLA) unmatched healthy donors.
Developed on our proprietary TruUCAR platform, GC027 utilizes dual-function CAR to specifically target a patient’s own T cells and natural killer (NK) cells that would otherwise be directed against the foreign, or allogeneic, CAR-T cells resulting in rejection by the patients.
This novel design allows this allogeneic cell therapy to survive a patient’s immune system without the need for combination treatment with additional potent immunosuppressant and represents a differentiated monotherapy approach.
T cell malignancies are a group of cancers involving T lymphocytes, including acute T cell lymphoblastic leukemia or T-ALL. Standard of care treatment for T-ALL includes chemotherapy, radiation therapy and stem cell transplantation. Standard chemotherapy regimens only result in 30% – 40% response rate with 6 months median Overall Survival among responders.
Patients with T cell malignancies usually have high relapse and mortality rates. Relapsed patients have dismal prognosis with very limited treatment options and <10% of patients surviving beyond 5 years.
Due to shared common surface antigens and potential contamination by malignant cells, development of CAR-T cell therapies for T-ALL is lagged behind. In addition, no new therapies have been approved for the treatment of T-ALL since the approval of Nelarabine (marketed by GlaxoSmithKline) by the FDA in 2005.
Globally, approximately 64,000 patients are diagnosed with ALL every year with over approximately 6,000 expected to be diagnosed in the United States in 2020. T-ALL accounts for approximately 25% of ALL diagnoses in adults. 1
TruUCAR is Gracell’s proprietary technology platform and is designed to generate high-quality allogeneic CAR-T cell therapies that can be administered “off-the-shelf” at lower cost and with greater convenience. With differentiated design enabled by gene editing, TruUCAR is designed to control host vs graft rejection (HvG) as well as graft vs host disease (GvHD) without the need of being co-administered with immunosuppressive drugs.
The lead program of TruUCAR platform, GC027, is manufactured using T cells from non-HLA matched healthy donors. The TruUCAR platform utilizes novel designs of a dual-function CAR or dual-CAR to reduce HvG, eliminating the need of combination therapy with additional potent immunosuppressant to induce deeper immune suppression and enabling stand-alone allogeneic CAR-T cell therapy.
Gracell Biotechnologies Inc. is a global clinical-stage biopharmaceutical company dedicated to discovering and developing breakthrough cell therapies. Leveraging its pioneering FasTCAR and TruUCAR technology platforms.
Gracell is developing a rich clinical-stage pipeline of multiple autologous and allogeneic product candidates with the potential to overcome major industry challenges that persist with conventional CAR-T therapies, including lengthy manufacturing time, suboptimal production quality, high therapy cost and lack of effective CAR-T therapies for solid tumors.