Spring Festival consumption witnesses strong growth online, with ice and snow tourism boosted by the Winter Olympics
The Spring Festival holiday, the first week-long holiday of the year in China, always serves as a barometer of consumption for the year. Under the COVID-19 flare-up in some cities, the 2022 Spring Festival holiday consumption revealed a complicated economic landscape – slight contraction offline but strong growth online, including robust ice and snow tourism powered by the Beijing 2022 Winter Olympic Games.
Despite pressure on overall consumption, analysts remained confident in China’s consumption pointing to incentive policies already in place, noting that consumption will continue to contribute more to economic growth in 2022, together with more investment, which will offset any possible decline in foreign trade, given the uncertain pandemic situation worldwide.
During the first five days of the 2022 Spring Festival holiday, from January 31 to Friday, online payment platforms processed 6.236 billion cross-institution online payment transactions, up by 5.3 percent compared with the same period in 2021, worth 4.20 trillion yuan ($660.3 billion), up 11.58 percent, according to NetsUnion Clearing Corporation, the clearinghouse platform backed by the People’s Bank of China.
January 31, the Lunar New Year’s Eve, saw the highest online trading volume of 1.67 trillion yuan in a single day, up 13.08 percent on a yearly basis. Meanwhile, the online payment peak reached 71,400 transactions per second.
As of 7 pm on Sunday, the total box office of new films during the 2022 Spring Festival topped 6 billion yuan. In the first four days of the holiday, the box office was 3.53 billion yuan, down 22.4 percent from 2021, but 3.8 percent higher than in 2019, according to film data platform Maoyan.
But data from online film ticket platform Dengta showed that the average ticket price for Spring Festival in 2022 was about 20 percent higher than the pre-pandemic levels, which means the number of moviegoers may be lower than pre-pandemic levels.
The year 2022 marks the third year that people are suggested to stay put during Chinese New Year holiday in an effort to reduce massive migrations during chunyun – the Spring Festival travel rush – to aid epidemic control.
More local travel therefore was conducted during the holiday. About 82 percent of tourists choose to visit local scenic spots, according to a report online travel platform Trip.com sent to the Global Times.
From January 31 to Sunday, 251 million trips were made by domestic tourists, equivalent to 73.9 percent of the same period in 2019, down 2 percent from 256 million trips in 2021, which is equivalent to 75.3 percent of the pre-epidemic level, data from the Ministry of Culture and Tourism showed.
Domestic tourism revenue reached 289.20 billion yuan in the 7-day holidays, down 3.9 percent year-on-year, recovering to 56.3 percent of 2019.
But the Beijing 2022 Winter Olympic Games have boosted snow and ice tourism in China.
As of Saturday, bookings for ski-themed hotels during the Spring Festival holiday were up 54 percent year-on-year, and ticket orders for snow, ice and ski resorts were up nearly 40 percent, according to Trip.com.
On Feizhu, Alibaba Group’s online travel booking platform, bookings for snow and ice tourism-related products during the Spring Festival increased by more than 30 percent compared with 2021, according to a report sent to the Global Times on Sunday.
The combination of skiing and hot springs has become a new way for young people to unlock ice and snow tourism. Feizhu saw orders of the “snow and ice plus hot spring” category increased by more than 40 percent year-on-year.
The momentum of the Winter Olympics is also shown in ice and snow sports.
Sales of fitness equipment, sports shoes, sports clothes, sports bags and other outdoor products for sports increased by more than 10 times year-on-year, e-commerce platform JD.com told the Global Times.
From January 31 to Wednesday, sales of skiing equipment on online e-commerce platform Tmall increased by more than 180 percent compared with 2021, and the growth of ice sports related products was more than 300 percent.
More than one million buyers flooded the official Tmall store of the Olympic on Friday, after the opening ceremony of Beijing 2022. The panda mascot Bing Dwen Dwen were sold out overnight, according to a report sent from Tmall to the Global Times.
Statistics of consumption confirmed the judgment of the Central Economic Work Conference on “triple pressure.” Meanwhile, flare-ups of the epidemic indeed suppressed consumption activities during the Spring Festival, Hu Qimu, chief research fellow at the Sinosteel Economic Research Institute, told the Global Times on Sunday.
The annual Central Economic Work Conference held on December 10, 2021 cautioned that China’s economic development is facing pressure from a contraction in demand, supply shocks and weakening expectations, and the external environment is becoming increasingly complicated, grim and uncertain.
But the key economic meeting also stated that China must face difficulties squarely while staying confident due to the strong economic resilience and unchanged fundamentals underpinning long-term growth of China.
Analysts said that the central and local governments have successively introduced policies to promote consumption.
The National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC), China’s top economic planner, said recently that it is necessary to put in place measures and act early. In the first quarter of 2022, China faces many uncertainties.
According to NDRC, China will improve the service quality of rural tourism, and special home stay facilities, and enrich the supply of tourism products for surrounding areas, outings, and snow and ice travel. It will promote the integration of consumption of goods and services, and expand new types of consumption such as information and green consumption. The country will move faster to integrate county and rural e-commerce systems and express delivery systems.
In fact, e-commerce has already boosted sales of rural products during the Spring Festival. On Taobao, sales of sausages, duck eggs, buffalo milk and other agricultural products increased by more than 100 percent year-on-year.
With integrated and efficient logistics, fresh products from all over the world go across the continents to celebrate the Chinese New Year. Canadian arctic shells, Atlantic bread crab, Ecuadorian white shrimp and other food have been added to the New Year’s Eve dishes, Taobao told the Global Times.
“Keeping consumption stable is of great significance to keeping growth stable, as in 2021, consumption contributed 65.4 percent to economic growth, making it the biggest driver of growth,” said Hu.
Consumption will continue to contribute more to China’s economic growth in 2022, Tian Yun, former vice director of the Beijing Economic Operation Association, told the Global Times on Sunday.
“China’s domestic demand growth still has considerable potential. After the Winter Olympics and the two sessions in the first quarter, consumer demand will be released as the epidemic control gradually returns to normal. Residents’ incomes have indeed risen, which will boost expenditure,” Tian said.
In 2021, the per capita disposable income of Chinese residents stood at 35,128 yuan, up 8.1 percent in real terms. The per capita consumer spending was 24,100 yuan, up 12.6 percent in real terms after deducting the impact of price factors, which topped the GDP growth of 8.1 percent, according to data from the National Bureau of Statistics.
Tian also said that prices are soaring, which is a sign of growing demand. And the GDP growth in 2022 is likely to remain above 5 percent.
The GDP growth in the first quarter of 2022 could be 4.14 percent, based on the upper limit annual growth of 6 percent. The growth could be 3.06 percent based on the lower limit annual growth of 4.9 percent in 2022, according to Topsperity Securities.
Author: Chi Jingyi, Global Times